Archive for February 2012

Atomic Bomb - Nagasaki & hiroshima

Abdul Majeed

The atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, The Bombs had names.. The Fat Man bomb was actually dropped on the former at 11:02 a.m. local time and the Little Boy bomb on the latter at 8:15 a.m. local time.

These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date. Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki, with roughly half of the deaths in each city occurring on the first day.

In both cities, most of the dead were civilians...


· · · February 19 at 9:03pm

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Sharbat Gula: The Afghan Girl

Let's meet Sharbat Gula born 1972, famously known as The AFGHAN GIRL....


Gula was living as a refugee in Pakistan during the time of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan when she was photographed. The image brought her recognition when it was featured on the cover of the June 1985 issue of National Geographic Magazine at a time when she was approximately 12 years old. Gula was known throughout the world simply as "the Afghan Girl" .

The photograph has been likened to Leonardo da Vinci's painting of the Mona Lisa] and is sometimes popularly referred to as "the Afghan Mona Lisa"..

The portrait by Steve McCurry turned out to be one of those images that sears the heart. Her eyes are sea green. They are haunted and haunting, and in them you can read the tragedy of a land drained by war.

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Foods of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) :Mushroom


Foods of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

Mushroom:The Prophet (SAW) said that mushroom is a good cure for the eyes; it also serves as a form of birth control and arrests paralysis.

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds, and endless blessings be upon our Beloved Messenger, the Last Prophet of Islam(Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam).

It is clear that mushrooms are not haram.

Mushrooms, are an umbrella shaped vegetable that grow in the earth, out of which some are poisonous. Nevertheless the majority of which are perfect for consumption, once they are washed etc. Mushrooms are grown in the earth, and any form of vegetation that grows in the earth, is consumable, as long as it is not haram, is permissible to eat.

Because mushrooms are not normally consumed in the subcontinent or the middle-east, some people seem to think that the vegetable is haram. Yet any vegetable that is not misused in any way, as magic mushrooms, are sometimes used to satisfy the habit of its users, then the mushroom is deemed to be halal, as long as it is used in the proper way.

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Child Marriage in Yemen


Let's Meet Tahani (in pink), who married her husband Majed when she was 6 and he was 25, poses for this portrait with former classmate G

hada, also a child bride, outside their mountain home in Hajjah, Yemen.

Nearly half of all women in Yemen were married as children. Child marriage is outlawed in many countries and international agreements forbid the practice yet this tradition still spans continents, language and religion.

what is your opinion on this practice which is also found in rural India?

· · · February 14 at 7:40pm

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Voynich manuscript

Voynich manuscript

The Voynich manuscript, described as "the world's most mysterious manuscript".

The Voynich Manuscript is a medieval document written in an unknown script and in an unknown language. For over one hundred years people have tried to break the code to not avail. The overall impression given by the surviving leaves of the manuscript suggests that it was meant to serve as a pharmacopoeia or to address topics in medieval or early modern medicine. However, the puzzling details of illustrations have fueled many theories about the book’s origins, the contents of its text, and the purpose for which it was intended.

The document contains illustrations that suggest the book is in six parts: Herbal, Astronomical, Biological, Cosmological, Pharmaceutical, and recipes.

for more details

http://www.archive.org/stream/TheVoynichManuscript/Voynich_Manuscript#page/n0/mode/2up
· · · February 9 at 12:05am

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Foods of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) :Dates

Foods of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

Dates: The Prophet (SAW) said that a house without dates has no food. It should also be eaten at the time of childbirth.

 English Name: Date
Local Name: Khajoor
Arabic Name: Tamr
Family: Arecaceae
Habit & Habitat: Cultivated tree, may be found self grown.
Part used: Fruit
Medicinal uses: Heart diseases, skin diseases,antidote, swelling of kidney,intestinal pain, heart attack, wound healer, diarrhea, labour pain, sexual weakness, stomach pain, piles, physical strengthing, shrill the voice, liver disorders.

Hadith:

The Prophet used to break his fast by eating some dates before offering Maghrib prayer, and if ripe dates were not available, he used to substitute them with some dried grapes. When they too were not available, he used to have a few sips of water, according to some reports.

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TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-20


TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-29/33

2003 Digital videodisk recorders (DVRs) are introduced
2003 IBM develops the smallest light-emitting transmitter, comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)
2003 Apple computer releases laptops featuring 17- and 12-in. LCD screens
2003 Bandages are made from fibrinogen, a soluble protein found in blood
2004 The Blue Gene/L produced by IBM is able to perform 70.7 trillion calculations per second, making it the fastest computer in the world, to date
2004 The eyeware company Oakley develops sunglasses with a built-in audio player
2004 Apple releases the iPod mini – the size of a business card, but able to hold 1,000 songs
2004 Scientists are able to control polymorphism through crystallization within nanopores
2004 A compound in the shape of a Borromean knot is discovered, based on earlier theoretical simulations
2004 Nintendo releases the hand-held gaming system, Nintendo DS
· · · Monday at 10:48pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-28/33

2001 Digital satellite radio is developed by XM and Sirius
2001 SunClean self-cleaning glass is introduced by PPG Industries
2001 A wrinkle-free shirt is developed by Corpo Nove (Italy), consisting of Ti-alloy fibers interwoven with nylon
2001 The self-balancing personal transporter known as the Segway is invented
by Dean Karmen
2002 Clothing comprised of nanowhiskers is invented by Nano-tex, LLC to aid in stain resistance
2002 The lightest substance on Earth, known as Aerogels, is developed by NASA
2002 Scientists at SUNY, Buffalo, develop a new type of semiconducting material, GaSb/Mn, that will be used for future spintronics-based devices
2003 Scientists discover a method used to commercially produce spider-web silk
2003 Nanoparticles are used for the first time for clearcoat paint finishes (PPG – Ceramiclear™)
2003 Nanofilters are used to purity groundwater in Manitoba, Canada
· · · February 25 at 11:47am

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-27/33

1999 The chemical ingredient used by mussels to anchor themselves to rocks is discovered, and used to synthesize a waterproof adhesive
1999 Molecular-based logic gates are demonstrated to work better than silicon based gates – an important precedent in the development of a molecular computer
2000 Intel releases the Pentium IV microprocessor, consisting of 42 million transistors
2000 Motorola releases the i1000 Plus – the first cell phone capable of connecting to the internet
2000 Robotic pets (e.g., Poo-Chi, Tekno) are first introduced
2000 The first generation of “digital jukeboxes,” the AudioReQuest ARQ1, retails for $800 and is the first device capable of storing thousands of MP3 songs
2001 The AbioCor self-contained artificial heart is implanted into Robert Tools
2001 SmartShirt sensors, to record and report body diagnostics, are designed by SensaTex, Inc. and Georgia Tech Research Corporation
2001 The bioartificial liver is invented by Kenneth Matsumura
2001 A fuel-cell bicycle is developed by Aprilia
· · · February 23 at 10:07pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-26

1997 The digital video recorder (DVR) is invented by Jim Barton and Mike Ramsay, co-founders of Tivo, Inc.
1997 Nokia introduces the Nokia 9000i Communicator. This combines a digital cell phone, hand-held PC, and fax
1998 Motorola introduces Iridium service, the first global satellite-based wireless telephone service
1998 Adam Cohen (19 years old!) develops an “electrochemical paint brush” circuit that uses an STM probe to manipulate copper atoms on a silicon surface
1998 Apple computer introduces the iMac
1998 Geoffrey Ozin at the University of Toronto develops synthetic seashells from SiO2
1998 Toyota Motor Corporation releases the Prius – the first mass-produced
hybrid low-emission vehicle (LEV)
1998 Television stations in the US began to transition from analog to digital signals
1999 Danish physicist Hau is able to control the speed of light, useful for potential applications in communications systems and optical computers
1999 Safeco Field in Seattle opens, featuring a retractable roof, and extensive drainage lines and heating coils to maintain ideal turf conditions.
· · · February 22 at 10:33pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-25

1993 The Pentium processor is invented by Intel
1994 The first search engine for the World Wide Web is created by Filo and Yang
1994 Lyocell is introduced by Courtaulds Fibers, consisting of a material derived from wood pulp
1995 Nanoimprint lithography is invented by Stephen Chou at Stanford
1995 Digital Versatile Disk or Digital Video Disk (DVD) is invented
1996 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Richard Smalley, Robert Curl, and Harry Kroto for their 1985 discovery of the third form of carbon, known as buckminsterfullerene (“bucky balls”)
1996 WebTV is invented by Phillips
1996 The Palm Pilot is debuted by 3Com
1997 The gas-powered fuel cell is invented
· · · February 21 at 11:07pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-24/33

1988 A patent is issued for the Indiglo™ nightlight, consisting of electroluminescent phosphor particles
1989 High-definition television is invented
1989 NEC releases the first “notebook” computer, the NEC Ultralite
1989 A breathable, water- or wind-proof fabric, GORE-TEX®, is introduced
1989 The Intel 486 microprocessor is developed, featuring 1,000,000 transistors
1990 Biotextiles are invented in the US
1991 Iijima of NEC Corporation discovers carbon nanotubes
1991 Sony announces the first carbon anode based commercial Li-ion cell
1992 MiniDiscs (MDs) are introduced by Sony Electronics, Inc.
1992 Prof. Jerome Schentag invents a computer-controlled “smart pill,” for drug-delivery applications
· · · February 18 at 11:08pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-23

1982 The first “personal computer” (PC) is introduced by IBM
1982 Robert Denkwalter et al. from Allied Corporation are granted the first patent for dendrimers
1983 US phone companies begin to offer cellular phone service
1983 Steve Jobs of Apple introduces a new computer featuring the first graphical user interface (GUI), named The Lisa
1984 The CD-ROM is invented for computers
1984 The first clumping kitty litter is invented by biochemist Thomas Nelson
1985 Donald Tomalia and coworkers at Dow Chemical report the discovery of hyperbranched polymers, named dendrimers
1986 Synthetic skin is invented by Gregory Gallico, III
1987 Bednorz and Muller develop a material that is superconducting at _183_C
1987 Conducting polymers are developed by BASF
· · · February 15 at 10:20pm


TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-22

1975 The laser printer is invented
1975 Robert S. Ledley is issued the patent for “diagnostic X-ray systems” (CAT scans)
1976 The inkjet printer is developed by IBM
1977 The Cray-1® supercomputer is introduced by Seymour Cray
1977 Electrically conducting organic polymers are synthesized by Heeger,
MacDiarmid, and Shirakawa (Nobel Prize awarded in 2000)
1978 An artificial heart, Jarvik-7, is invented by Robert Jarvik
1978 The first analog video optical disk player is introduced byMCADiscovision
1979 The first cassette Walkman TPS-L2 is invented by Masaru Ibuka of Sony
1980 Compact disk players are introduced by Philips
1981 The world’s largest solar-power generating station goes into operation (10 MW capacity)
1981 The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is invented
· · · February 14 at 10:50pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-21

1970 The floppy disk (8 in.) is invented by Alan Shugart at IBM
1970 The first microfiber (polyester) is invented by Toray Industries in Japan; The first fabric comprised of microfibers, Ultrasuede, is also introduced
1971 The liquid crystal display (LCD) is invented by James Fergason
1971 The first single chip microprocessor, Intel 4004, is introduced
1971 The video cassette recorder (VCR) is invented by Charles Ginsburg
1971 Hydrogels are synthesized
1972 Motorola demonstrates the use of the first portable cellular phone
1973 The disposable lighter is invented by Bic
1973 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is invented by Lauterbur and Damadian
1974 Post-it® notes featuring a low-residue adhesive is invented by 3M
· · · February 9 at 10:19pm

TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES-20

1965 A bulletproof nylon fabric, Kevlar, is invented at DuPont
1965 James Russell invents the compact disk
1965 Styrene–butadiene block copolymers are synthesized
1966 Fuel-injection systems for automobiles are developed in the UK
1966 Faria and Wright of Monsanto synthesize and test Astroturf
1967 Keyboards are first used for data entry, replacing punch cards
1968 Liquid crystal display is developed by RCA
1968 Allen Breed invents the first automotive air bag system
1969 The scanning electron microscope (SEM) is first used in laboratories to view cells in 3D
1969 George Smith and Willard Boyle invent charge-coupled devices (CCD) at Bell Labs
· · · February 4 at 9:48pm

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